Keloids are overgrowths of scar tissue that can develop after an injury or surgery. While harmless, they can be unsightly and cause discomfort or itching. One effective way to treat keloids is through laser therapy. In this article, we will explore how laser treatment can help eliminate keloids and provide you with essential information to consider before opting for this procedure.
What are Keloids?
Keloids are raised, thickened areas of skin that develop at the site of a wound, injury, or surgical incision. They result from an overproduction of collagen during the healing process, extending beyond the original boundaries of the injury.
Causes of Keloid Formation
The exact cause of keloid formation is not fully understood, but certain factors increase the likelihood of developing keloids. These include genetic predisposition, ethnicity, and type of injury.
The Role of Laser Treatment
How Laser Treatment Works on Keloids
Laser keloid treatment involves using high-energy light to break down the excessive collagen in the scar tissue. The laser energy stimulates the body’s natural healing process, reducing keloid size and creating a more even skin texture.
Types of Lasers Used for Keloid Removal
Various lasers, including pulsed dye, fractional, and CO2 lasers, can be used for keloid removal. Each type of laser has its specific benefits, and the choice depends on the keloid’s size, location, and severity.
Eligibility for Laser Treatment
Factors to Consider Before Opting for Laser Therapy
Laser treatment may only be suitable for some. Certain factors, such as skin type, keloid size, and medical history, must be considered before deciding on this procedure. It is essential to consult a qualified dermatologist or plastic surgeon to assess eligibility.
Ideal Candidates for Laser Treatment
Ideal candidates for laser therapy are individuals with small to medium-sized keloids, good overall health, and realistic expectations about the procedure’s results.
The Laser Treatment Procedure
Preparing for the Procedure
Before laser treatment, the patient should follow pre-operative instructions provided by the treating physician. This may include avoiding certain medications and skincare products.
What to Expect During the Treatment
The patient may experience a warming sensation during the procedure as the laser targets the keloid. The duration of the treatment depends on the size and number of keloids being treated.
After laser treatment, it is crucial to follow post-operative care instructions diligently. This may include applying prescribed ointments, avoiding sun exposure, and protecting the treatment area.
Benefits of Laser Therapy for Keloids
- Non-invasive procedure
- Precise and targeted treatment
- Minimal side effects
- Customizable treatment
- Quick and convenient sessions
- Suitable for various skin types
- Potential long-term results
Risks and Side Effects
- Pain or Discomfort
- Skin Discoloration
These are usually mild and subside within a few days.
Other Keloid Treatment Options
Aside from laser treatment, several alternative approaches to keloid management exist.
Surgical excision involves cutting out the keloid but risks recurrence and potential complications.
Corticosteroid injections can help flatten and reduce the size of keloids but may require multiple sessions.
Silicone Gel Sheets
Silicone gel sheets applied to the keloid can help soften and flatten the scar tissue over time.
Cryotherapy involves freezing the keloid with liquid nitrogen, causing it to fall off eventually.
Pressure dressings can help reduce keloid size by applying constant pressure to the affected area.
Laser treatment effectively eliminates keloids, offering patients a non-invasive and precise approach to scar reduction. However, each individual’s case is unique, and a consultation with a medical professional is essential to determine the most suitable treatment plan. With proper care and consideration, individuals can significantly improve the appearance and comfort of keloid scars.
Are you thinking of getting a keloid treatment? Have any queries about the treatment?
Dr. Prakash Sajja is the best dermatologist in Tirupati and will solve all your queries.
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